Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Adopted
by the U.N. General Assembly (9 December 1948).
Article I. The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed
in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which
they undertake to prevent and punish.
Article II. In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following
acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical,
racial or religious group, as such: a) Killing members of the group; b) Causing
serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; c) Deliberately inflicting
on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction
in whole or in part; d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within
the group; e) Forcibly transfering children of the group to another group.
Article III. The following acts shall be punished: a) Genocide; b) Conspiracy
to commit genocide; c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide; d) Attempt
to commit genocide; e) Complcity in genocide.
Article IV. Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in Artcle III shall be punished, whether they are constituinally responsible
rulers, public officials or private indiniduals.
Article V. The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance
with their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give affect
to the provision of the present Convention and, in particular, to provide effective
penalties for persons guilty of genocide or of any of the other acts enumerated
in Article III.
Article VI. Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated
in Article III shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State in the territory
of which the act was committed, or by such international penal tribunal as may
have jurisdiction with respect to those Contracting Parties which shall have
accepted its jurisdiction.
Article VII. Genocide and the other acts enumerated in Article III shall
not be considered as political crimes for the purpose of extradition. The Contracting
Parties pledge themselves in such cases to grant extradition in accordance with
their laws and treaties in force.
Article VIII. Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs
of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United Nations
as they consider appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide
or any of the other acts enumerated in Article III.
Article IX. Disputes between the Contracting Parties relating to the
interpretation, application or fulfillment of the present Convention, including
those relating to the responsibility of a State for genocide or for any of the
other acts enumerated in Article III, shall be submitted to the International
Court of Justice at the request of any of the parties to the dispute.